Mountain sheep and mountain goat belong to the same family, yet they differ in several ways. Following is a list of comparison between the two based on their characteristics and behavior.
|Comparative Parameters||Mountain Sheep||Mountain Goat|
|Species||O. canadensis||O. americanus|
|Aggression||Less||More. They often show the aggression of mountain sheep to push them away from forage and habitat.|
|Assertion||Less||More. They are more dominating.|
|Height||76-104 cm||1 m|
|Length||140-200 cm||120-179 cm|
|Weight||99-300+ lbs.||44-310 lbs.|
|Life Span||10-12 years||12-14 years|
|Fur/ Coat||Multiple layers of wool||Single layer of hairy fur|
|Tail Shape||Pointed downward, and longer||Pointed upward, and shorter|
|Horns||Curved, round, and wide|
They use their horns mostly during the mating season.
|Sharp and pointed forward|
They use their horns to maintain their assertion.
|Social Structure/ Herd Type||Very social, forming large flocks of up to 100||Mountain goats maintain a strong social structure. They form flocks numbering between 5 and 30.|
|General Health Condition||Susceptible to health issues||Healthier and less susceptible to diseases|
|Migratory||Yes(Seasonal basis)||Altitudinal migrants(Based on altitudes)|
|Mobility in Newly Hatched||Altricial|
Note: The newly hatched ones are relatively immobile.
Note: The newly born are mobile from the moment of birth.
|Population (approx.)||80-90 Thousand||48-62 Thousand|
|Reproductive Season||November-December||Late October to early December|
|Pregnancy Duration||150-180 days||6 months|
|Conservation Status||Least concerned||Least concerned|
Mountain sheep, and mountain goats vary in a wide range of ways. However, both species are communal and gregarious, feed on plants like grass and leaves, and are herd animals. We sincerely hope this comparison has given you a better understanding of these species.