Great Hammerhead Shark Teeth: Identification, Size, Color, Number, Types

Great Hammerhead sharks are an important shark variety with a unique set of teeth. Let us learn more about them.

The Great Hammerhead Sharks have triangular, small-shaped teeth that help them bite and crush their prey with ease. They can handle both soft-shelled and hard-shelled prey. The needle-like teeth of hammerheads are plenty in number and can help them chew through fishes and squids with ease.  

There is a lot of speculation regarding the size, color, number, and types of hammerhead shark teeth. Let us look at some of the most commonly asked questions together.

Image Credits: “Georgia Aquarium – Hammerhead Shark” by hyku is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Do great hammerhead sharks have teeth?

Sharks need strong, sharp teeth that can help them fend for themselves. Let’s learn whether great hammerhead sharks have teeth. 

Great hammerhead sharks have teeth, just like any other shark variety. As soon as these sharks are born, they swim into the ocean and are left to care for themselves. In the absence of any parental care, they need a full set of teeth to defend themselves against attacks and catch their own prey.

Sharks lose their teeth often as they are not attached to the root. However, they grow new ones quickly

How many teeth does a great hammerhead shark have?

Image Credits: “Hammerhead shark” by suneko is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Sharks need a proper set of teeth to bite and chew their prey. Let’s learn more about how many teeth a great hammerhead shark has. 

Great Hammerhead sharks have 17 rows of teeth on both sides of their upper jaw. On either side of their lower jaw, they have around 16-17 teeth. Besides, they have 3 teeth at the midline of the upper jaw and 1 to 3 teeth at the midline of the lower jaw. The number of teeth may vary at any given point. 

The hammerhead sharks feed on fishes, octopuses, and other animals of the sea. Therefore, they need strong and sharp teeth that can cut through hard-shelled and soft-bodied prey. 

Great Hammerhead shark tooth size

Image Credits: “Shark Teeth” by Trailmix.Net is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Another commonly asked question is what is the exact tooth size of Great Hammerhead sharks? Allow us to tell you more in this regard. 

On average, Great Hammerhead sharks have teeth that range between ¼ to ¾ inches. Usually, the smallest shark teeth are ½ inches (1.2 cm), and the longest is no more than 7 inches (17.7 cm). The most commonly found shark teeth range from 3 ½ inches to 4 ½ inches. The largest known shark tooth measured 7 ⅜ inches. 

Shark teeth that measure between 5 to 7 inches have become quite uncommon in modern species. There have been only a handful of instances of shark teeth growing beyond 7 inches. 

Great Hammerhead shark tooth color

One of the most frequently asked questions about shark teeth pertains to its color. Let us learn what color teeth do Great Hammerheads have.

The Great Hammerhead sharks, like most other shark varieties, have white or cream-colored teeth. Since sharks lose their teeth often, the tooth sinks to the bottom of the ocean and gets buried under sediment. Here, the tooth undergoes the process of fossilization over time and acquires a dark hue. 

Most shark teeth found around river beds and in sandpits are dark-colored because they have been fossilized. Sometimes, the color of the fossilized shark tooth may even be tan or beige. 

Great Hammerhead shark tooth shape

A unique aspect of shark teeth is their varying shapes. Allow us to tell you more in this regard. 

Great Hammerheads typically have triangular teeth. One interesting fact about their teeth set is that they are usually unserrated, and the shape varies along the jaw. Some hammerhead varieties (like the smooth hammerhead shark) have homodont teeth, which are all relatively smaller and of the same size. 

Since hammerhead sharks primarily feed on fish, squid, and other animals, not having serrated teeth isn’t a disadvantage and their small, sharp, and smooth teeth help them bite and chew their prey better. 

Great Hammerhead shark tooth type

Image Credits: “Hammerhead Shark” by edenpictures is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Shark teeth are unique and of multiple types. Let us learn more about the Great Hammerhead shark tooth type. 

The Great Hammerhead shark has typically triangular teeth made of calcium phosphate. It has smooth edges and deep grooves that help them hold on and bite on their prey. Their teeth are usually small but plenty in number which helps them effortlessly defend themselves against bigger sea animals and catch their prey.

In addition, their hammer-shaped heads help them see properly at a distance and sense potential prey quicker than other shark varieties. 

Great Hammerhead shark tooth identification

Contrary to popular belief, it is not easy to identify shark teeth. Let us explore together how we can identify the Great Hammerhead shark tooth.

One of the best ways to identify Great Hammerhead shark teeth is by looking for small teeth that are not serrated. Besides, most shark teeth have a relatively glossy appearance and a distinct notch that makes identification easy. Shark teeth found on shores often darken over time and usually become black or gray.

Here, we must mention that sharks seldom have identical teeth, despite several similarities. So, it is possible to confuse hammerhead shark teeth with other shark varieties. 


Hammerheads are beautiful, unique ocean animals that have distinct teeth set to make their lives in the deep ocean waters easier. Given its sharp edges and triangular shape, the teeth can help them bite into their food and crush it with ease. In combination with their broadheads, their teeth help them navigate the oceanic waters with ease and safety, defending themselves and finding proper feed. 


I am Sehrish , I love writing about animals. I like exploring the different aspects of the animal kingdom and aim to present the information to the readers in an interesting, easy-to-read format. The world of animals is full of undiscovered, intriguing facts and stories and there is nothing I enjoy more than delving deeper into it.

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